Surigao del Norte is not visited by typhoons, unlike the other provinces exposed to the Pacific Ocean. Located outside the typhoon belt, the province still receives plenty of rainfall.
Surigao City is the provincial capital of Surigao Del Norte and is located at the coast of the province, a mosaic of islands that lies at the rim of the Asian continental shelf. It is perched at the northeastern tip of Mindanao, a southern island in the Philippines, and faces that abysmal canyon known as the Philippine Deep. The historic Strait bound it on the North and East by the Pacific Ocean, on the South by the provinces of Agusan Del Norte and Surigao Del Sur and on the West. It is blessed with abundant mineral reserves, fisheries and aquatic resources, and tracts of fertile arable lands, which are the primary sources of its people's livelihood. Its location in the coast offered enough opportunities to enjoy its wide array of beaches ranging from white, grayish-sandy to the gravel smooth peebled ones, as well as other places of interest. Its outlying islands fronting the Pacific further augment the fun and adventure (like surfing) one seeks to enjoy nature and escape the hustles and bustles of hectic urban life.
The port of Surigao City, with a total area of 26,352 sq. m and a berthing area 529 meters in length, has in recent years substantially gained in importance. Among the principal commodities shipped are copra, coconuts, logs, lumber, chromium and nickel ores as well as marine products and agricultural produce. In 1990, the new Surigao wharf was named Senator Felisberto M. Verano, Sr. Wharf in honor of the first senator from the province.
In the mid-1900s, migrants from Luzon and the Visayas came to Surigao, encouraged by the successes of earlier immigrants and attracted by stories of gold. The would-be gold diggers found green pastures instead and decided to settle permanently. It is said that people of Surigao have a Visayan sense of humor combined with Ilocano frugality. Most of the city's residents speak Surigaonon, a dialect derived from Cebuano, but other dialects can also be traced to Boholano, Waray and Tagalog. The Surigao people are a combination of diverse culture and customs. They are evidently of Malay Origin but with a little influence from Chinese, Japanese and Arab blood and also European and American.
The mainland and clustered islands of Surigao City has irregular or hilly topography with flat lands near the coast. It has an average elevation level of 19 meters or 65.5 ft. above sea level. The highest elevation in the mainland is the Kabangkaan Ridge situated along the border of the Municipality of San Francisco with a peak elevation of 465 meters above sea level. Along the border of Tagana-an is the Mapawa peak with an elevation of 245 meters above sea level with scattered descending slopes covering the barangays of Cabongbongan, Nabago and Capalayan.
In the islands, the highest range is the island of Nonoc with an elevation of 263 meters above sea level, overlooking the Cantiasay Channel and the Island of Hanigad with a peak elevation of 163 meters. The highest point in Hikdop Island is in Mt. Telegrapo with a peak of 250 meters. The island of Bayagnan located on the eastern part of Surigao City has a highest elevation of 242 meters.
The city has a lot of arable land, although very little is being cultivated. Abaca, copra, maiz (corn) are the most important agricultural products, beside lowland palay, banana, vegetables, squash, rootcrops, mango, coconut, swine, chicken, cattle, goat, duck and turkey. However, the city receives much of its income from mining minerals like gold, silver, iron, chromite, nickel, manganese and copper.
Mindanao Business Council (MBC)
Surigao Tourism Office